Monthly Archive for: ‘May, 2019’

Don’t let this miracle turn to tragedy

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

Something miraculous happened last week the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Hines Corrals in Oregon. A mare who was rounded up from the Warm Springs Herd Management Area (HMA) in October, recently gave birth… to twins!

Twin births are extremely rare in the equine world, and of those that are born, 80% do not survive. And when they do, most often the foals are malnourished and need special help to survive.

That’s why, when BLM employees asked Skydog Sanctuary — a highly regarded nonprofit that operates wild horse and burro refuges in both California and Oregon — if they would adopt the miracle mare and her twins, the answer was a resounding yes.

A beautiful story, right? A win for the unique family, for Skydog, and for the BLM.

But the miracle quickly turned to tragedy when the BLM Burns District’s Wild Horse and Burro Specialist blocked the adoption because he had other plans for the mare… She is slated to be used in BLM’s barbaric sterilization experiments!

Instead of receiving loving care at Skydog’s beautiful Oregon sanctuary, this innocent mare will have her twin foals ripped from her side before being subject to invasive surgeries to remove her ovaries in an archaic procedure that veterinarians have called barbaric and risky!

This is unconscionable, but it’s part of a pattern at BLM Oregon, which recently told Skydog that it will “euthanize” (shoot) special needs horses rather than adopt them to the sanctuary. The twisted reasoning: When Skydog tells the story of these special need horses, it gives the BLM bad publicity!

We cannot let this happen. Please take the following steps today!

1. Flood the BLM Oregon with calls. Just say:

“I am calling to urge you to allow Skydog Sanctuary to adopt the mare and twin foals currently being held at the Burns corrals in Oregon. It’s unconscionable for BLM to deny these miracle horses a loving home and the special care they need. Thank you.”

  • State Office: Main: 503-808-6001 and Theresa Haynes, OR State Director: 503-808-6026
  • Burns Office: 541-573-4400

2. Sign and share the Skydog Petition – let’s get to 20,000 signatures and beyond!

3. Download the graphic below and post it on BLM Oregon’s Facebook page.

4. Send them a tweet.

This family deserves to go to Skydog’s sanctuary. Let’s work together to make it happen.

– The AWHC Team

DEADLINE. 19 HOURS TIL PICKUP – WE CAN SAVE MAMA TOO! INJURED ONE WEEK OLD NEEDS URGENT CARE! DONATE NOW FOR BOTH!

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The following is from Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang:

IT’S GO TIME IN A BIG WAY!!!

We have a rare chance to save MOM AND BABY!!! We are supposed to be picking up in approximately 19 hours, and we actually can save Mom too, – WITH YOUR HELP!

As you can see this little “ANGEL”, needs somewhat of a miracle. She is only about a week old, from what we understand. She has an injury to her leg which needs immediate and urgent care. At this age they are so delicate and it is obviously infected. They can go septic and crash so quickly. She needs immediate care.

Please help us save Angel AND HER MAMA! We are constantly being asked why we didn’t save the moms. Here is your chance! We do have the opportunity to save them both, but it is up to you. We have picked up 2 more orphans and another mare in the last week. So instead of the 15, we were working with EIGHTEEN, and that is just the number of orphans we have with us, not including any of the horses at home that have been rescued. Now we have the chance to save two more lives. But we need your help and we need it now.

We have adopted out 3 in the last week, but we are still once again feeding 15 orphans. Yes, that is better than 18, but it still is excruciatingly expensive. The babies are all improving, but it is down to the wire for saving this Mare and Her Foal. The leg will definitely need immediate medical care, and we have to keep feeding every body. The horses Matt picked up a couple weeks ago will hopefully be ready for adoption in the near future. But until then, we really enjoy feeding everyone exactly what they need.

So here is your chance to SAVE MAMA TOO! Please give generously and quickly so we can save both of them together. We see so much heartbreak, and hopefully we will be able to avoid having another “orphan”.

Let’s pick up a mare and foal pair as opposed to creating an orphan.

The kids at home are still needing extensive TLC, but are getting healthier every day!We need to make sure we can care properly for all the horses we save. There will be paperwork, blood draws, vet work etc. etc. for the new ones also.

Thank you as always, for your amazing love and support. We treasure all our Chilly Pepper Family and appreciate the fact that YOU MAKE THIS ALL POSSIBLE!

Below, some of the babies at Chilly Pepper. Please donate now and let’s keep on saving lives!

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP HELPING US SAVE MORE LIVES, YOU CAN GO TO:

You can go to gofundmel

You can go to Paypal

if you would like to help these horses.

                                                                     ->You can donate via check at:

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang,

PO Box # 190

Golconda, NV 89414

You can also donate via credit card by calling Palomino at 530-339-1458.

NO MATTER HOW BIG OR HOW SMALL – WE SAVE THEM ALL!

SAVING GOD’S CRITTERS – FOUR FEET AT A TIME

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang, WIN Project – Rescue & Rehab

We are now part of the WIN Organization

WIN (WILD HORSES IN NEED) is a 501c3 IRS EIN 55-0882407_

If there are ever funds left over from the cost of the rescue itself, the monies are used to feed, vet, care for and provide shelter and proper fencing for the animals once they are saved.

Donate to Help

Something horrific could happen to horses in Oregon

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

News & Alerts

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is at it again. For the third time, despite multiple federal lawsuits and public outrage, the agency is planning dangerous surgical sterilization experiments on wild mares in Oregon.

Warning: this may be hard to read.

In the proposed “ovariectomy via colpotomy,” procedure, a veterinarian makes an incision in the mare’s vagina, inserts his arm into the vaginal cavity, manually locates the ovaries and rips them out using an “ecraseur,” a rod-like device with a chain on the end. The painful procedure will subject mares to the risk of infection, hemorrhage, and evisceration.

We have to stop this. Click here to submit a comment opposing this cruel treatment.

The BLM has only provided until June 12 to send in comments opposing the proposal. And if we don’t take action today, these experiments could mean living hell for helpless horses in Oregon.

The prior action you took helped us stop them before, and we can do it again – together. Please, take action today.

– The AWHC Team

Donate

wild horses were just sold out

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

I wanted to send a quick update – the House Appropriations Committee just took the first step toward implementation of the dangerous mass wild horse roundup and sterilization plan promoted by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, the American Farm Bureau Federation and other livestock lobbying interests with support from the Humane Society of the U.S. (HSUS), ASPCA, and Return to Freedom (RTF).

The plan could spell the end of wild free-roaming horses and burros in the West through the unprecedented roundup of 130,000 of these animals over the next ten years — that’s 45,000 more than even exist in the wild today! Horses and burros that remain on the range could be permanently sterilized, as Representative Chris Stewart just admitted moments ago on the House floor.

We can’t let this happen. Please support our work today.

Rep. Stewart claims that the plan will “not harm any horses,” even though tens of thousands will be subjected to cruel helicopter roundups that traumatize, injure and kill, and rob these animals of their families and their freedom. Babies will literally be run to death, heavily pregnant mares will be stampeded, and stallions will break their necks desperately trying to defend their families.

The animal groups supporting the cattlemen’s plan have allowed Rep. Stewart and his allies to get away with false claims about tens of thousands of starving horses and allegations that they are destroying the West.

AWHC is ready to fight back. 

Congress must ensure that additional funds appropriated to the BLM for wild horse management are spent on humane and scientific fertility control, not mass roundups. As FY 2020 spending legislation moves to the floor of the House and through the Senate, we’ll be working with our lobbying team in partnership with like-minded organizations dedicated to preserving the West’s wild free-roaming horses and burros.

Please stand with us by supporting our work today. We pledge to continue to fight without wavering for you and our magnificent mustangs and burros.

– Suzanne

Donate

A cattlemen’s dream – and a wild horse nightmare

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

News & Alerts

We have an update on the plan that’s threatening wild horses: Billed as a compromise, the plan is nothing short of a surrender on the wild horse issue to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and livestock industry lobbying groups.

The plan calls for the removal of 130,000 wild horses and burros from their homes on our public lands over the next ten years. That’s more wild horses and burros than exist today!

Contact your Senators and Representative and demand that they oppose language in FY 2020 Interior Appropriations legislation to implement the “Path Forward for Management of BLM’s Wild Horses and Burros” plan promoted by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, the American Farm Bureau Federation and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), ASPCA and Return to Freedom.

The plan would almost triple the number of wild horses and burros held in captivity at taxpayer expense, at a cost of close to $1 billion over the next decade, without any guarantee for their long-term safety. It reduces wild horse and burro populations to the BLM’s extinction-level “appropriate” management level.

90% of the wild horses and burros left on the range would be subject to “fertility control,” which, given the extreme population reductions envisioned, could spell the end of many herds. The ASPCA (a co-signer to the plan) even acknowledges the plan could allow for surgical removal of the ovaries of wild mares – something the National Academy of Sciences warned was “inadvisable for field application” due to risk of bleeding and infection.

Causing further danger to the herds left on the range is the proposed sex ratio skewing of 70% stallions to 30% mares – an unheard of manipulation of a wildlife species that, by the BLM’s own admission, causes increased aggression between a large number of stallions fighting for a small number of mares.

So what doesn’t the plan include?

Any reference to livestock, and the massively larger impact that cows have on grazing land in the west. It also fails to mention the massive cost to taxpayers for the subsidized public lands livestock grazing program.

Please contact your member of Congress today, and let them know of the dangers to wild horses hidden in this plan. The markup hearing for the House Interior Appropriations Committee is Wednesday, so please don’t delay!

If this plan gets implemented, it could mean the beginning of the end of wild horses in America. We have to act NOW.

Thank you for standing with us in this crucial fight.

– The AWHC Team

Donate

FIFTEEN ORPHANED BABIES NEED YOU NOW! PLEASE HELP THESE BABIES TODAY!

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The following is from Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang:

Chilly Pepper’s kids need your help today. We have 15 orphaned foals on hand, and we are going through milk and supplies like crazy.

Every single baby has had to be seen by a vet, and most of them needed medication of some sort. Many are still on, or finishing up their meds, and happily all are guzzling milk like crazy.

The simple fact is that to properly take care of an orphan foal, it is expensive. While the 7 NV kids’ initial vet bill is being covered by AWHC and the Horse and Man Bucket Fund, Chilly Pepper is still incurring all the normal costs. In addition to all the vet bills for the NV babies, we are responsible for any ongoing vet bills and all of the expenses for all of them.

Boring things like BioSponge, Probiotics, milk pellets, hay, shavings, etc. etc and of course the most expensive item, their milk powder, are costing well over $200 plus a day. It is imperative they get everything they need now, and they are. However, we need help to keep saving lives.

We also need to maintain vehicles, trailers etc., and although the NV babies trickle in one or two at a time, (and those rescues are not as dramatic as the large groups we get at any one time), they still have the same costs once we get them, and we still need to buy milk and give them the best care possible.

We have permanent residents at Chilly Pepper, as well as many other kids who are getting the TLC they need to be ready for their forever homes. It all depletes the budget, but is necessary to do what we do.

We simply cannot save these lives without y’all.

We are currently standing by for not only more Yakima Babies in WA, but others in NV. So as always, there is never a dull moment or that thing they call rest, lol.

So please help these beautiful babies today!

Thank you as always, to all the folks who have stepped up and are part of this amazing journey and responsible for saving all these lives.

YOU, are the reason these horses have a chance!

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP HELPING US SAVE MORE LIVES, YOU CAN GO TO:

You can go to gofundmel

You can go to Paypal

if you would like to help these horses.

                                                                     ->You can donate via check at:

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang,

PO Box # 190

Golconda, NV 89414

You can also donate via credit card by calling Palomino at 530-339-1458.

NO MATTER HOW BIG OR HOW SMALL – WE SAVE THEM ALL!

SAVING GOD’S CRITTERS – FOUR FEET AT A TIME

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang, WIN Project – Rescue & Rehab

We are now part of the WIN Organization

WIN (WILD HORSES IN NEED) is a 501c3 IRS EIN 55-0882407_

If there are ever funds left over from the cost of the rescue itself, the monies are used to feed, vet, care for and provide shelter and proper fencing for the animals once they are saved.

Donate to Help

She helped a foal that wasn’t hers

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

Help an Orphaned Foal in Need

Today we celebrate mothers of all kinds and the nurturing spirit that brings new life into this world and guides it through.

Wild horses live in close-knit families, and the bond between mothers and their foals is beautifully on display for those of us fortunate enough to catch a glimpse. But sometimes the bond is broken due to the force of nature, or more often, human intervention.

Such was the case on the range in Nevada last month, when a mare was hit on the highway, orphaning her little colt. Our fertility control darting team was in the field observing the scene – maintaining a respectful distance as the mare’s band mourned her passing. Over the next day and a half, they observed a remarkable scene as another mare in the band allowed the tiny colt to nurse — a little bit at a time at first — along with her own foal already by her side. By the second day, the mare had fully adopted the little foal – named Archer by volunteers, and they are now a lovely little family and a wonder to behold.

But not all foals are so lucky. Some are abandoned and orphaned with no one to help them. That’s where we step in to prevent suffering. Over the last month, in a collaborative effort between AWHC, Least Resistance Training Concepts, Chilly Pepper Miracle Mustang Rescue, Horse and Man Magazine, and other local northern Nevada wild horse groups, we have helped to rescue six abandoned or orphaned foals in the greater Reno area. The little ones include Willa, a newborn found cuddled up with a dog in a resident’s yard; Nevada, whose mom was also hit and killed on the highway; Mo, who was attacked by a stallion band and found with cuts all over her body; and Roy, who heartbreakingly was found lying next to his deceased mother.

Thanks to your support, AWHC is able to provide the funding necessary to get these foals the veterinary care they need, and to provide some financial assistance to Palomino Armstrong of Chilly Pepper, who has taken all of these little ones under her wing and into her highly regarded foal rescue program.

In honor of mothers everywhere and of every kind, will you consider supporting our foal rescue fund today to allow us to continue to help babies in need?

As always, thank you for your compassion and support. We hope you’re having a wonderful Mother’s Day.

– The AWHC Team

Donate

URGENT HELP NEEDED TO SAVE MORE BABIES. – CLOCK IS TICKING – 48 HOURS TIL WE NEED TO PICK UP…..

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The following is from Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang:

 

GOT MILK? We are going through milk by the gallons, and MORE BABIES ARE FLOODING IN, .WILL YOU HELP US SAVE THEM?

Another 911 call. There are babies at the shipping yard and we need to buy them/pick them up by Sunday. There are at least 4, and those numbers are normally higher by the time we get there.

The nursery also was put on notice that one of the Trappers has a large group of horses and will have 
orphan foals for us next week. We need to make sure we can save them so they do not get left out on the range for coyote bait. CAN WE COMMIT TO THEM? It is up to you.

We knew the rush would be here soon, and of course it is here before we are ready.Just by Sunday we will have 12 babies IF we get the funding needed to purchase, save, feed and vet them. This does NOT include the group coming in next week. As usual, we are still in the midst of one rescue, when the next one hits.But we are on the front line and we are the difference between life and death for these babies, not to mention all the adults we save along the way when we can.

We were hoping to slow down, but instead the volume of babies in WA is doubling, and we are now once again the “go to” rescue for the Virginia Range orphaned foals in NV. As I write this, Travis is on his way to pick up 3 more in NV and bring them to Chilly Pepper.

So you can be sure we will need all of your help, every time you want us to save more lives. YOU ARE THE ONES SAVING THESE LIVES! We simply cannot do it without you.

Due to the increase in potential babies, we are going to have to expand the nursery facilities in WA, help get our satellite in ID setup with more much needed, life saving equipment, and somehow get more space where we live so we have more housing for more foals at once.

Sadly, it is that time of year when we go from one emergency to the next, and many times they are in the middle of the ongoing one. You are saving so many lives, but ALL OF IT depends on you, your donations and your love and support.

So as always, we are willing to do the 24/7 care, the boots on the ground and be available at a moment’s notice, but your funds are what make it possible. So please remember that EVERY TIME we throw out a fund raiser, WE ARE ON THE WAY to save more lives.

The front line is brutal, and we live in a horrifyingly cruel world. Your love and support is what gives us the courage and strength to keep on.

Most of you are lucky and will never have to stand and watch in horror as the horses are loaded on the slaughter truck, while their babies are screaming for their families.What we see on a daily basis is taking it’s toll. But right now, we will keep on saving as many lives as we can, and that is ALL BASED ON YOU!

THANK YOU! for each and every one of the lives you have already saved, and for sticking with us through this nightmare and helping us save as many lives as we can.

Please give generously today, so we can “git ‘er done”. I need to let the folks know whether we will have funds to purchase the babies this next week and this weekend.

Below:

THANK YOU FOR OUR MILK. WE LOVE IT AND IT SAVES OUR LIVES!

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP HELPING US SAVE MORE LIVES, YOU CAN GO TO:

You can go to gofundmel

You can go to Paypal

if you would like to help these horses.

                                                                     ->You can donate via check at:

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang,

PO Box # 190

Golconda, NV 89414

You can also donate via credit card by calling Palomino at 530-339-1458.

NO MATTER HOW BIG OR HOW SMALL – WE SAVE THEM ALL!

SAVING GOD’S CRITTERS – FOUR FEET AT A TIME

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang, WIN Project – Rescue & Rehab

We are now part of the WIN Organization

WIN (WILD HORSES IN NEED) is a 501c3 IRS EIN 55-0882407_

If there are ever funds left over from the cost of the rescue itself, the monies are used to feed, vet, care for and provide shelter and proper fencing for the animals once they are saved.

Donate to Help

We can stop this bad deal

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The following is from the American Wild Horse Campaign:

Wild horses face an unprecedented attack. The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and other pro-slaughter groups have cut a deal on Capitol Hill that would result in the roundup of 15,000 to 20,000 wild horses a year. The plan will result in more cruel roundups, more horses in captivity, and more of our public lands used for cattle interests.

We can stop this bad deal. Click here right now and tell your Representative: reject the appropriations language requiring an unprecedented 15,000-20,000 wild horses to be removed from the range.

This is a disastrous plan all-around. It actually increases the risk of slaughter by funneling more mustangs and burros into an already overburdened and costly government holding, with no guarantees of funding for their lifetime care. The language throughout this plan is so vague that it leaves inhumane sterilization methods squarely on the table. And the real kicker – it will cost taxpayers a billion dollars.

It is true that some humane groups, including the ASPCA and HSUS, are misguidedly supporting this deal in hopes that the BLM will use fertility and not kill horses. But we think wild horses and burros deserve more than hopes.

The only winners in this “plan” are the wealthy cattle interests and their lobbyists. Wild horses and taxpayers lose.

Be the voice for wild horses right now. Contact your Representative.

Thank you,

Suzanne Roy

Donate

BABY 911 – MORE BABIES – WA & NV. – PLEASE HELP NOW!

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The following is from Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang:

 

IT IS BABY TIME ALL THE TIME!!!, and we need your help Now!

It is “Go time” again, although it hasn’t ever really stopped.

They just keep ON coming, and we are about to get hit. It is the time of year when they will start coming in bunches. Now that we are the “go to” for the NV kids as well, we have even more responsibility, and it is keeping us running.

More babies means more milk, and we are going through gallons. The baby in NV is heading to Comstock this morning, and Mel will be giving the new arrival the much needed Colostrum as soon as it gets there. Matt will is heading there now, so people everywhere are working on these babies. A big thanks to Stacy, Maureen Daane and AWHC for taking care of this baby and getting it to Comstock. We will be picking him up as soon as he is done at the vet.

Mel has two babies available for adoption at our nursery in WA. The four that are still with me are not completely out of the woods, but doing well so far.

Once again we need “milk money”, as well as funding for all the other costs involved. We also need to replace our Colostrum supply at the Nursery in WA, as well as the Foal Response, and all the other goodies the newborns need. (Our babies need more help than the ones born domestically, as many of them are left behind due to illness or other physical issues.)

Please donate today and let’s keep on saving more lives!!

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP HELPING US SAVE MORE LIVES, YOU CAN GO TO:

You can go to gofundmel

You can go to Paypal

if you would like to help these horses.

                                                                     ->You can donate via check at:

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang,

PO Box # 190

Golconda, NV 89414

You can also donate via credit card by calling Palomino at 530-339-1458.

NO MATTER HOW BIG OR HOW SMALL – WE SAVE THEM ALL!

SAVING GOD’S CRITTERS – FOUR FEET AT A TIME

Chilly Pepper – Miracle Mustang, WIN Project – Rescue & Rehab

We are now part of the WIN Organization

WIN (WILD HORSES IN NEED) is a 501c3 IRS EIN 55-0882407_

If there are ever funds left over from the cost of the rescue itself, the monies are used to feed, vet, care for and provide shelter and proper fencing for the animals once they are saved.

Donate to Help

 

Volunteer Appreciation Meeting – ( Fixed registration link)

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The following is from Rocky Mountain Horse Expo

Expo Feedback and Planning 2020

 

The 2019 Rocky Mountain Horse Expo was great and we thank all of you that helped to make it a success!

You are invited to attend an

Expo Appreciation Meeting and Celebration

on May 4th, 2019,

at Arapahoe Race Park

Derby Day at the Park!

Expo Appreciation Meeting starts at 1:30PM

The Kentucky Derby Starts at 4:50PM

Refreshments and Prizes to all that volunteered

at the 2019 Expo!

During our gathering we will go over the 2019 Expo activities and get your input and ideas.

We will then start talking about 2020!

Are you interested in helping in 2020?

Come Join us!

After our gathering you’ll then have plenty of time to enjoy the Kentucky Derby at Arapahoe Race Park

Please register for the meeting below.

The link will take you to the Equine City Hall .

If you do not have an account there, please set one up

New Visitor Registration.

By registering , you are not joining the membership.

This registration means you have an account with us for notices about the Colorado Horse Council and the Expo and costs you nothing.

The Arapahoe Race Park is located at:

Arapahoe Park

26000 East Quincy Avenue

Aurora, CO 80016

Here is the link to their website: Arapahoe Race Park

Thanks to all of you that make the

Rocky Mountain Horse Expo a great Success!

Sincerely,

Bill Scebbi

CEO/Executive Director

Colorado Horse Council

Register

MulesinAntiquity8

From the SWISS BULLETIN: The Mule as a Workhorse in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages

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By Elke Stadler

The history of mankind is closely connected with the use of the working force of animals. Animal power was of special importance in transport and traffic – before motorization it was the only available movable driving force, almost at any time and versatile. What people themselves could not wear or pull; oxen, mules, horses and donkeys carried or pulled. In the past, despite their essential importance for working life and the economy, the working animals were hardly noticed in literature.

The work of the animals was so natural to the people of that time that it was not considered necessary to describe their characteristics or the circumstances of their use for people in more detail. Thus, in historical scriptures, animals appear even rarer than slaves and farmhands; they stand at the end of the hierarchy of values and remain mutely. But there is much to be learned from the late antique veterinary writings about their living conditions. The “Mulomedicina Chironis” – the most significant surviving ancient scripture about medical treatment of equids – was used until the Middle Ages and, as copies prove, further into the late Gothic period.

Cattle and Horse

At that time, cattle were the most important draft animals, less for meat production, and milk was also of little importance. Cattle were mainly used in agricultural traction work or heavy transports with wagons. Oxen were indispensable for long-distance transport. No person, no matter how much they preferred mules, camels or even elephants, could do without cattle. They were much less demanding of food and care than the sensitive horse, which was expensive to keep. The mule took a special position because of its outstanding qualities. Horses are hardly mentioned in the old writings as draft animals for heavier loads. Mostly, they were used for light wagons. Horses were the mount of the high-ranking men, both civilian and military, and also served as a pack animal.

The most important limitation of the horse’s work in the draft service was technical difficulties. The shoulders of the horse protrude only very little, thus, the use of a shoulder yoke becomes impossible; the animal must pull with a neck harness, or a yoke sitting very high at the neck. In this way, the draft-horses and mules are represented also on Roman reliefs. Larger loads were not possible since they strangled the breathing of the animal with this tension. So, the animal could only use a small part of its body weight for pulling. The collar was unknown in Antiquity and late Antiquity, it was used for the first time in the Middle Ages.

Mule Breeding

In ancient times the mule played a special role in transport and traffic. On the road, it is the most popular draft animal due to its optimal characteristics. Although it is weaker than an ox, it is much faster than the ox. At the same time, a mule requires less food and care than a horse. It is also easier to use because of its general calmness. Thus, mule breeding yielded more profit than the usual breeding of medium-value horses. Their value was even compared to that of noble racehorses.

High quality mares were used for breeding at the age of four to ten years, and donkey stallions between three and ten years. We can read that the Arcadian or Reatic donkey stallions should be preferably black or spotted, but not of grey color. Onagers, Asian wild donkeys, were also used for mating. Particularly appreciated were donkey stallions descended from a donkey that had been mated by an Onager. The wild nature was then broken and the begotten animal possessed the tameness of the mother as well as the dexterity of the Onager. The one-year old foal was separated from its mother and kept on rocky, mountainous terrain, so that it got hard hooves as a condition for profitable use in transport.

Use of Female and Male Mules

Female animals were used primarily for pulling wagons because of their agility, while male mules were used to carry loads. Various documents show this division for different purposes. Emperor Serverus Alexander gave his provincial leaders six female mules, two male mules and two horses. It is obvious that the female mules were intended for specific use as draft animals, the male mules as pack animals and the horses for mounts. The female mules were reserved for pulling which is evident from the fact that they were normally traded as a team. If one had a flaw, the seller had to take back both animals. It was especially popular when all the animals in front of a cart had the same color. The veterinarians gave recipes for dyeing the hair of the draft animals when it was not appropriate. To make white hair black, three ‘scripula’ (Roman unit of weight) cobbler’s blacks, four ‘scripula’ oleander’s juice and some goat fat are mixed, crushed and then applied. To make black hair white, a pound of wild cucumber root and twelve ‘scripula’ soda are crushed into powder, a cup of honey added, and then applied.

Most mules were not used as valuable draft animals in private passenger transport, but in public transport by rental car companies or by cargo. The provisions of Codex Theodosianus (late antiquity collection of laws) the ‘cursus publicus’, can give an approximate impression. Two car types are mentioned, the four-wheeled ‘raeda’ and the two-wheeled ‘birota’. The ‘raeda’ was fitted with eight mules in summer and ten in winter, 1000 pounds could be carried. When used by people, this corresponded to seven to eight passengers. For the ‘birota’ on the other hand, three mules and a maximum load of 200 pounds were prescribed, for a person’s use, this was two passengers. 

Adventure by Road

The journey with such public transport was accompanied by wild screams, whip cracks from a drunken coachman and clouds of dust, reports a letter writer named Eustathios: A trip with mules that were boisterous by doing nothing and feeding too much he avoided – and prefered to walk.

Cross-country journeys were quite risky, as Roman poet Vergil describes, especially because of the daring overtaking maneuvers of competing truck owners. But sometimes a driver had to go under the yoke himself when a mule had got stuck in the mud of the soaked and crushed road. During overtaking maneuvers on the narrow country roads there was damage to the gravestones on the roadside, as an inscription proves. This also shows that mules were used in long-distance traffic to Gaul. Emperor Julian tells about the dangers on narrow Alpine roads, to which both passengers and draft animals were exposed, so does a rock inscription for remembering a road construction from the year 373 A.D.

In the Jungle of Cities

In the mostly narrow cities, the mule-drawn heavy wagon traffic caused great difficulties. Since the early imperial period, carriage traffic and riding in the city during the first ten hours after sunrise were therefore forbidden. Trips in connection with construction measures were permitted, and these were already enough to endanger the lives of pedestrians on the roads with their big wagons and high stacked loads.

A case story, described by a lawyer, shows what could have happened. Two mule-drawn ‘plaustra’ (load carts) drive up the Capitol slope in Rome. The mule leaders of the first one are pressing against the ‘plaustrum’ so that the mules could pull easier. However, the first carriage begins to roll back anyway, and the mule drivers jump out between the carriages. The first team then rolls onto the second, which now also rolls down backwards and crushes into a boy. The lawyer blames the leader of the first carriage for this accident, as he would be responsible for the overloading of the first carriage. Such incidents were as other sources show not uncommon.

Medical Care

This hard use of mules in driving is reflected in the treatment instructions of late antique veterinarians. The neck injuries caused by the yoke, which Pelagonius expressly refers only to mules, are of special importance. It was recommended that in order to prevent neck injuries of mules or to heal after damage has occurred, was to use an ointment made from fresh pig fat boiled with vinegar. For injuries of the neck and back of the mules, a remedy made of boiled wax, hot resin, verdigris and oil is used. Another remedy for neck treatment is described in this way; rotting chips from the middle of a fig tree are to be dried and burned to ashes in a clean place. This is sieved and then mixed in a mortar with wine, old oil and the protein of two eggs.  To make the neck supple – this is the prerequisite for clamping it in the yoke – the neck is thoroughly washed with soap and then rubbed with a carefully beaten mixture of rainwater and protein. Mules were considered less valuable than horses or assessed to be more tolerant of injuries – such as an injury that is indicated by a crossed gait and an insecure step, where the animal trips over stones and a contracted hip.

A horse should be treated carefully and immediately to prevent major damage. However, if the suffering animal is a mule, it should first be stretched tighter in the yoke, so that sweat and pain will smash all pain. After work, it should be treated with the following remedy; twenty laurels are finely crushed with soda and heated with a handful of green rue, vinegar and laurel oil. Then they rubbed this on the center of the head between the ears, they also took a remedy-soaked piece of wool and laid it on this area. Another agent is made from barley flour and resin. These treatments are accompanied by the application of a general strengthening agent made from crushed crayfish, goat’s milk and oil.

Pack Mules

Male mules were used to carry less extensive loads in cities and agriculture because of their greater strength. The typical work was the transport of pole wood for plantations. Traders kept their mules directly in their shops. There is a case described in the Digests (scripts of ancient legal scholars) where a horse was led into a shop and was sniffing at the mule there. It kicked and broke the back of the horse’s leader. In the troop, each centurion had one such pack mule, which had to carry the heavier parts of the equipment on the marches.

 

Drudgery in the mills

Mules were often used, as donkeys and horses were, to drive mills when they were no longer usable for other services. They were harnessed with a hard grass rope in front of the mill beam, the head was usually masked. They trotted in a furrow, always pushed by blows in the circle around. The bad condition of the animals corresponded to the gruelling work. In the “Methamorphoses”, Apuleius describes that the necks were swollen of wound rot, the nostrils were flaccid and dilated from coughing and dusty air. The body was disfigured by the constant blows and mange, the feet clumped by traveling permanently in a circle. These sufferings are also reflected in the veterinary writings, but the mill animals were certainly no longer treated.

Mounts

The mule was used rarely for riding in Antiquity, it was the simpler mount. Horace (poet) illustrates a simple but also free life in this way: He could bridle a mule at any time and head all the way to Taranto, even if the loins of the animal were rubbed sore by the heavy coat bag and the sides by the weight of the rider. The veterinarians list these specific injuries caused by riding, as well as, by loads being too heavy. The wounds are treated with ointments mixed from salt, wine, oil, raisin wine, pork fat and onions. In more severe cases, blood is taken from the veins of the groin area and mixed with salt, pork fat and oil. This is applied, and if necessary, plastered with ointment. For wounded skin caused by pressures, a dough-like mixture made of fine wheat flour, incense dust, egg yolk and vinegar is applied to the sore spots.

A special feature in those times were dwarf mules, called ‘mulae pumilae’, a curious luxury object of which the roman poet Martialis ironically states, that one often sits higher on the floor.

In the Middle Ages

Although mules were regarded by the church leaders as originating from an unnatural connection, and thus had a bad reputation, the mule nevertheless experienced a great appreciation in the early Middle Ages. Since Spanish mules are a noble gift, Emperor Charlemagne sent them to Caliph Harun Rashid. Mules and their Saracen guardians were bestowed by Robert Guiscard (Norman leader) to the Abbot of Montecassino. The mule is often mentioned as a mount of clergy. Gallus, for example, uses a mule for his journey to the Swabian ducal court. Also, for the journey of Goar (Priest, later holy spoken) to the royal court, a mule or a donkey is intended. Bishop Gregory of Tours, mentions mules among the farm animals of the monastery St. Martin, which were obviously riding animals. Because of the clergy’s preference for mules, the devil – as Notker (poet and scholar) tells us he turns into a mule to tempt the bishop to buy him, seduces him and kills him on the way out. A degree accordingly acts against the excessive dealing of clergy with mules. Of course, mules were often used as pack animals in the early Middle Ages, just like horses. Already Isidor from Sevilla (Archbishop) speaks about the ‘mulus sagmaria’ (Latin: pack mule) beside the ‘caballus sagmarius’ (packhorse). Some of the mules and horses with which the Irish bishop Marcus returned from his trip to Rome must have been pack animals as books, gold objects and robes are mentioned as transported goods. In the Vita Hludovici (anonymous biography of Louis the Pious) mules are also mentioned beside horses, working a mission as they transported ship parts through the woods. Mules are also considered a pack animal in custom regulations.

The existence of humans and the development of all processes, political and social, were marked by the importance of the working animals, not only in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also far into modern times. In the beginning it was mainly cattle that carried the workload. Over time there were shifts, the cattle were substantially relieved first in later Antiquity by the mule. Finally, in the Middle Ages the horse, caused by changes in animal technology – horseshoe fittings and collar – became more universally applicable. However, the donkey’s services remained to limited use.

Excerpt from: “Animal laborans – Das Arbeitstier und sein Gebrauch im Transport und Verkehr in der späten Antike und im Mittelalter” (The work animals and its use in transport and traffic of late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages) in: L’uomo di fronte al mondo animale nell’ alto medioevo; Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’alto medievo XXXI, 1983, 2 vol., Spoleto 1985; vol.1, p.457-578 (essay monograph)

Picture references:

It’s Finally Here! Big Day of Giving!

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The following is from All About Equine Animal Rescue:

It’s Finally Here!!  The BIG Day of Giving!!

  This event started at midnight and goes for 24 hours.  That is 24 hours to give where your heart is! Show your support! The horses needed you!

This year, our goal is to engage at least 200 donors and raise $15,000 to help us FILL THE BARN to help support our feed and care costs! 

 

Do you know what your donation could do?  

Last year it cost over $80,000 for feed, supplements and general care for the horses at AAE! Your donation of any amount will help feed a horse, assist with the cost of veterinary care, or provide for other needs such as hoof care or dental care.

Help us care for these majestic animals and donate today!

Your donation makes a difference!

$50 helps provide feed (hay) for a horse for about a month

 $100 helps with a horse’s feed and basic care for a month

$500 helps provides hoof care for about 12 horses

$1000 helps feeds 10 horses for about a month!

Did you know you can sponsor a horse on a monthly basis?

You can set up recurring donations and help AAE FILL THE BARN every month!

Click here for more details!

Help Us Make a Difference!

How Can You Help?

You can donate to AAE and show your support! Donations as little as $15 make a big difference, and your gifts can help us win some of the $100,000 in prizes that are up for grabs!
Let your networks know that you support our cause by sharing our posts on your social media accounts, or by creating and sharing a fundraising campaign. A good word from a donor like you is the most meaningful way for us to spread our mission! Use your social media networks or email to share your love for AAE!! Tell your friends to do the same.
 
What is Big Day of Giving?
The Sacramento Region Community Foundation’s Big Day of Giving is once-annual 24-hour giving challenge to help over 600 local nonprofits raise funds to make a difference in the Sacramento region. It’s the culmination of an entire year’s worth of community-building and collaboration, made possible by donors like you and community partners, like Western Health Advantage. Last year with your support AAE raised over $10,000 for our horses.
To learn more about Big Day of Giving, visit www.bigdayofgiving.org

HEARTFELT thanks to our Sponsors for 

making this event possible:

 
We are so excited to be a part of 
North America’s Equine Event of the Year!
Have you purchased your tickets?
 

  
With infinite gratitude to our SPONSORS!!
We can’t wait to see you at the event!

 

Daily Horse Care, especially pm shifts needed now
(Daily 8a-12p or 3p-6p)
Used Tack Store Support, all areas 
(Fri – Mon, 12-4p)
Barn/Facility Maintenance
Foster Homes, Long-Term Foster/Sanctuary Homes
Capital Campaign Support
Board Members
Fundraising/Events
Grants – Writing and Research
Volunteer, Project, and Activity Coordinators
Outreach Activities
Youth Programs
Therapy Programs
Veteran Programs
Special Projects
Admin Support
Marketing
Graphics
Social Media
Bloggers
Photographers
Media and/or Photo Librarian
More, more, more
Interested in volunteering or volunteering in other areas?

Employers Match Donations, Does Yours?

Hey volunteers!
Did you know YOU could earn grant money for AAE from your employer just by volunteering?
Many Employers offer money when their employees volunteer.  Here are a few examples:
  • Intel

    provides a $10 grant to a nonprofit per every volunteer hour by an employee, and matches funds dollar for dollar up to $5,000 per employee or retiree.

  • Microsoft provides a $17 grant to a nonprofit per every hour volunteered by an employee.
  • Apple provides a $25 grant to a nonprofit per every volunteer hour by an employee, and matches funds dollar for dollar up to $10,000 per employee.
  • Verizon provides a $750 grant to a nonprofit when an employee volunteers for 50+ hours.
  • State Farm provides a $500 grant nonprofit when an employee volunteers for+ 40 hours.
  • Others top 20 matching gift and/or volunteer grant companies include
    • Starbucks 
    • CarMax
    • Home Depot 
    • JP Morgan
    • Chevron
    • Soros Fund Management 
    • BP (British Petroleum)
    • Gap Corporation
    • State Street Corporation 
    • ExxonMobil
    • Johnson & Johnson
    • Boeing
    • Disney
    • Google
    • Merck
    • Aetna
    • Dell
    • Outerwall (CoinStar and RedBox) 
    • ConocoPhillips
    • RealNetworks
    • Time Warner and subsidiaries
    • AllState
    • and more
Check with your employer.  You could help purchase our next load of hay!

Big Day of Giving Starts a Midnight!

0

The following is from All About Equine Animal Rescue:

Starting at Midnight!

24 Hours to Give Where your Heart Is!

Starting midnight tonight, we are asking you to participate in another huge and historic event for our region, Big Day of Giving.  This event starts at midnight and you have 24 hours to join us. Once this starts, All About Equine Animal Rescue, Inc. (AAE) will join with over 600 other nonprofits working to make our region #1 as the most generous community in the country on this day of giving!
As many of you know, AAE strives to support and further our mission of rescuing, rehabilitating and rehoming abused, neglected and/or abandoned horses and other animals, as well as those in the auction/slaughter pipeline.
This year, our goal is to engage at least 200 donors and raise $15,000 to help us FILL THE BARN to support our annual feed and care costs!
Your donation of any amount will help feed a horse or offset the cost of
veterinary care, farrier care or dental care.
$25 helps to provide feed (hay) to an average horse for about two weeks,
$50 helps provide feed (hay) for an average horse for about a month, and
$100 helps provides feed (hay) and basic care (farrier/dental care, deworming, vaccines)
to an average horse for about a month!
Help Us Make a Difference!
How Can You Help?
You can donate to AAE STARTING MIGNIGHT! Donations as little as $15 make a big difference, and your gifts can help us win some of the $100,000 in prizes that are up for grabs!
Why Wait?! Scheduled gifts will be processed tomorrow and
will guarantee you help up meet our goal! So Easy!
Let your networks know that you support our cause by sharing our posts on your social media accounts, or by creating and sharing a fundraising campaign. A good word from a donor like you is the most meaningful way for us to spread our mission! Use your social media networks or email to share your love for AAE!! Tell your friends to do the same.
 
What is Big Day of Giving?
The Sacramento Region Community Foundation’s Big Day of Giving is once-annual 24-hour giving challenge to help over 600 local nonprofits raise funds to make a difference in the Sacramento region. It’s the culmination of an entire year’s worth of community-building and collaboration, made possible by donors like you and community partners, like Western Health Advantage. Last year with your support AAE raised over $10,000 for our horses.
To learn more about Big Day of Giving, visit www.bigdayofgiving.org

HEARTFELT thanks to our Sponsors for 

making this event possible:

 
We are so excited to be a part of 
North America’s Equine Event of the Year!
Have you purchased your tickets?
 

  
With infinite gratitude to our SPONSORS!!
We can’t wait to see you at the event!

 

Daily Horse Care, especially pm shifts needed now
(Daily 8a-12p or 3p-6p)
Used Tack Store Support, all areas 
(Fri – Mon, 12-4p)
Barn/Facility Maintenance
Foster Homes, Long-Term Foster/Sanctuary Homes
Capital Campaign Support
Board Members
Fundraising/Events
Grants – Writing and Research
Volunteer, Project, and Activity Coordinators
Outreach Activities
Youth Programs
Therapy Programs
Veteran Programs
Special Projects
Admin Support
Marketing
Graphics
Social Media
Bloggers
Photographers
Media and/or Photo Librarian
More, more, more
Interested in volunteering or volunteering in other areas?

Employers Match Donations, Does Yours?

Hey volunteers!
Did you know YOU could earn grant money for AAE from your employer just by volunteering?
Many Employers offer money when their employees volunteer.  Here are a few examples:
  • Intel

    provides a $10 grant to a nonprofit per every volunteer hour by an employee, and matches funds dollar for dollar up to $5,000 per employee or retiree.

  • Microsoft provides a $17 grant to a nonprofit per every hour volunteered by an employee.
  • Apple provides a $25 grant to a nonprofit per every volunteer hour by an employee, and matches funds dollar for dollar up to $10,000 per employee.
  • Verizon provides a $750 grant to a nonprofit when an employee volunteers for 50+ hours.
  • State Farm provides a $500 grant nonprofit when an employee volunteers for+ 40 hours.
  • Others top 20 matching gift and/or volunteer grant companies include
    • Starbucks 
    • CarMax
    • Home Depot 
    • JP Morgan
    • Chevron
    • Soros Fund Management 
    • BP (British Petroleum)
    • Gap Corporation
    • State Street Corporation 
    • ExxonMobil
    • Johnson & Johnson
    • Boeing
    • Disney
    • Google
    • Merck
    • Aetna
    • Dell
    • Outerwall (CoinStar and RedBox) 
    • ConocoPhillips
    • RealNetworks
    • Time Warner and subsidiaries
    • AllState
    • and more
Check with your employer.  You could help purchase our next load of hay!
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